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The Final Information To Instructing Studying

February 7, 2023
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Welcome to the fantastic world of teaching reading! Nothing is more rewarding than watching a child’s face light up when they suddenly make sense of the written word. It never gets old. Teaching literacy is one of our most important jobs as homeschool parents, but the prospect can be daunting. Where do you start? How do you go from letter recognition to reading books? What kinds of things will help a struggling reader? This post will share some simple strategies and tips for teaching reading to young learners. We’ve also got loads of free resources to help at every step of the way. Are you ready to dive in?

Preparing A Child For Reading

Reading is a fundamental skill that plays a crucial role in a child’s overall development. It helps develop essential critical thinking, problem-solving, and communication skills. It opens the door to a world of knowledge. So, where do you start?

Before a child can start to tackle reading, they need a solid foundation. This is one of the most critical steps to teaching reading. You’ll begin by working on the following pre-reading skills with your child.

Building Phonological Awareness

Phonological awareness refers to a child’s ability to hear, identify, and manipulate the individual sounds in words. Studies indicate that having a solid phonological awareness foundation in Kindergarten is one of the key factors in being a successful reader (source). Activities such as rhyming, clapping out syllables, and identifying initial sounds in words can help develop phonological awareness.

Read our post on phonological awareness to learn more.

developing print awareness

Developing Print Awareness

Print awareness is about understanding written language features, such as letters, words, sentences, and books. It includes recognizing that print is read from left to right and top to bottom. It is the awareness that written words carry meaning and differ from pictures. Also, that words are separated by spaces.

Children demonstrate print awareness when they hold a book correctly and turn the pages in the right direction. You may have noticed your preschool child pretend to write as they scribble on a page. At other times they have picked up a well-known book and recited the story from memory. These activities show that your child is developing print awareness. They are starting to understand that words have meaning and are connected with the story.

Activities that can help develop print awareness include:

  • Reading to your child. (See our book lists for kids)
  • Tracing letters.
  • Playing with letter magnets.
  • Pointing to words in stories.
  • Reading out different words on signs and other places.

Creating a Positive Reading Environment

Creating a Positive Reading Environment

  1. Reading aloud to your child: Research has shown that reading aloud to children is one of the best ways to develop their language skills and a love for reading. Start reading to your child from a young age and make it a daily routine. Here are some tips for reading aloud.
  2. Providing access to books: Having a variety of age-appropriate reading material readily available to your child. If you have space, create a reading nook. Make sure to include a mixture of reading material, including fiction, nonfiction, graphic novels, and magazines.
  3. Encourage a love for reading: Create a reading culture at home. Set aside dedicated reading time for the whole family and ensure that books are easily accessible. Remember to turn off the screens regularly. Show your kids that you enjoy reading and encourage discussion about what you are reading.

teaching ponics and decoding

Teaching Phonics and Decoding

Once a solid foundation is established, you can start teaching reading. You will be working on several different things. Remember to keep reading aloud and providing books.

What Are Phonics And Decoding?

Phonics: Phonics is the relationship between letters and the sounds they make. This helps children learn to read by sounding out words.

Decoding: Decoding is breaking down words into their individual sounds, or phonemes, and blending them together to read the word.

👉 Then dive into How to Teach Phonics Step-by-Step

How Do You Teach Phonics And Decoding?

How Do You Teach Phonics And Decoding?

  1. Systematic phonics instruction: Children are taught the relationship between letters and sounds in a structured and sequential manner. It’s usually taught through explicit, direct instruction, where children learn the sounds of letters, letter combinations, and how to blend them together to read words.
  2. Multisensory approach: This approach uses all the senses, including visual, auditory, and kinesthetic, to help children connect letters with their sounds. This can include using hands-on activities and games.
  3. Reading decodable texts: These are simple books designed to help children practice their decoding skills. They are designed to introduce new words that align with the letter-sound relationships children learn. Using these texts allows the child to practice their newly acquired skills. It enables them to read words in the context of simple sentences.

sight words for kids

Teaching Sight Words

Sight word instruction will occur alongside phonic work. There is a place for both in a balanced curriculum.

What Are Sight Words?

Sight words, also known as high-frequency words, are the most commonly used words in the English language. These words are frequently seen in any text, be it a newspaper, novel, or a simple passage. Children who can quickly identify and read sight words without sounding them out will progress rapidly in their reading.

Read our post to learn more about sight words.

Even knowing the first 25 sight words can significantly impact reading abilities. Sounding out each word on a page may help you read, but it is slow and tedious. Imagine how discouraging it would be? Children who can recognize most of the words on a page will be encouraged to keep reading. It will improve reading fluency and make reading a more enjoyable and rewarding experience.

👉 Work on Sight Words for Kids with free printable worksheets and awesome activities!

How Do You Teach Sight Words?

Practice Makes Perfect

When it comes to learning sight words, practice is vital. Consistently incorporating sight word practice into a child’s daily routine is essential for success. With sight words, there’s no ‘one size fits all’ approach – every child responds differently to different teaching techniques. It may take some trial and error, but once you find the correct method, there’ll be no stopping them! So be patient and creative while you find what works best for them.

Games Are Your Secret Weapon

Games are an excellent way to engage children and make learning fun. Incorporating interactive games into the learning process allows children to practice sight words without realizing they’re learning. We have so many free games to choose from you are bound to find some that your kids will love.

Use Sight Words In Writing Activities

Providing opportunities for children to use sight words in context is one of the most effective ways to learn them. Using sight words in their own writing helps children internalize them. Additionally, writing the words helps build muscle memory, helping fix the word in the child’s brain.

Teaching Comprehension

Teaching Comprehension

What is Comprehension?

Comprehension refers to a child’s ability to understand, and make meaning from, what they read. It involves not only being able to decode words but also being able to understand the overall purpose of a text.

Good comprehension skills are essential for children to read and learn effectively. It is an important part of teaching reading.

How Do You Teach Comprehension?

  1. Asking questions: Questions before, during, and after reading can help children think critically about what they are reading and better understand the text.
  2. Use prediction: When reading aloud to your child, take the time to predict what might happen. Look at the cover and discuss what the book might be about. Discuss the pictures and talk about what could happen next. Additionally, make connections to your child’s own experiences and relate them to the story. This will help them make meaning out of the story and understand it better.
  3. Summarize the story: After reading aloud, check your child’s understanding by asking them to summarize the story in their own words. This will help you determine if they have grasped the main ideas and events of the story.
  4. Five-finger retelling: This technique invites children to talk about the story. Ask them to tell you the following five things and hold the fingers of one hand as they do. The questions cover where who, what, ending, and favorite. Here are some questions to ask.
  • Where did the story take place?
  • Who were the characters in the story?
  • What happened in the story?
  • How did the story end?
  • What was your favorite part of the story?

ultimate guide to teaching reading

Supporting Struggling Readers

Some children take to reading quickly and have no problems. Others need help with reading. They find it challenging to keep up with their peers and make progress in their reading abilities. This section will discuss some of the common challenges struggling readers face.

Identifying Struggling Readers

Children may

  1. Have difficulty sounding out words, even if they have been taught phonics and decoding.
  2. A hard time recognizing and remembering sight words.
  3. Struggle to understand what they read even if they can decode the words.
  4. Demonstrate a lack of interest in reading and avoid reading activities because it is hard.
  5. Read slower than their peers.

Strategies For Supporting Struggling Readers

  1. Go back to basics: Start from the beginning, work on phonological awareness, and then move forward.
  2. Give extra practice: Struggling readers will benefit from additional practice and instruction in phonics and decoding to help them improve their reading skills.
  3. Multisensory approach: Using a multisensory approach, such as a combination of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic (hands-on) elements, can help struggling readers better understand and remember what they are learning.
  4. Consider Testing For Dyslexia: Dyslexia is a learning disability that affects how the brain processes written language. Children with Dyslexia often have difficulty with phonological processing, decoding, and fluency. A child with Dyslexia will continue to struggle despite extra practice. Learn more about Dyslexia here. A diagnosis and special instruction can make a big difference.
  5. Provide additional support: Provide support and encouragement to struggling readers, reminding them of their progress and praising their efforts.

teach kids to read

Final Tips For Parents

  1. Practice regularly: Practice is critical every step of the way, so set aside dedicated time each day for practice. Build time to practice into your curriculum.
  2. Keep it fun: Reading and writing activities can be fun by incorporating games, puzzles, and other activities.
  3. Be patient: Remember that learning to read takes time, and each child may progress differently. Be patient and supportive as your child learns and grows as a reader.
  4. Find what works: When teaching reading, It’s important to remember that every child is different and has a unique learning style. The key is to work closely with your child, find what approach works best, and do that.
  5. Keep Encouraging: Your child can become a successful reader with the right approach and support! Encourage your child with lots of praise. Celebrate their successes, no matter how small, and remember to show them how proud you are of their progress.

Reading is an essential skill that can open many doors in life. With the proper support and encouragement, all children can learn to read and become confident readers. Reading is an exciting journey; as your child’s guide, you can help them discover the magic of books and the world of imagination. We hope that the information and free resources on this page will help your children on their journey to literacy. Download what you need today and get your child reading!


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