I know what it is to try to coax a smile from a daughter who’s forgotten how to laugh. I’ve lingered at my son’s bedroom door, hesitant to leave, worried that the stress might be too much for him. I’ve sensed the space between the child I know and the carefully constructed image they’ve spun into the world. I’ve felt the panicked urgency and terrifying helplessness of watching a child struggle with anxiety or dark thoughts.
I just never realized how many other parents have felt the same thing.
In a recent CDC report, 60% of girl respondents reported persistent sadness or hopelessness during the past year. (Twenty20 @nastyatkachenko19)
Last month, the CDC released its Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data Summary & Trends Report: 2011-2021, which reports the most recent data, as well as ten-year trends, on how our high schoolers are doing regarding health and well-being. The results, I’m sorry to say, were not good. Especially for our girls.
The report found that, in the past year, forty percent of all high school students — boys and girls — felt so sad or hopeless that they could not engage in their regular activities for at least two weeks. But girls felt worse. Twice as many girls as boys — a complete 60% — reported persistent sadness or hopelessness during the past year, a 57% increase from 2011. Nearly 30% considered suicide, up almost 60% from a decade ago. And they’re drinking more. Alcohol use is now higher among girls than boys.
Among LGBQ+ students, the numbers are even more horrifying. Close to 70% felt persistent sadness or hopelessness, and almost 25% had attempted suicide during the past year.
I’m sure COVID contributed to all the darkness engulfing our teens. They were isolated during their lives when the connection was everything. Many may have lost someone to the pandemic. The news pouring in from around the country, worldwide, and all over the planet has been and continues to be bleak.
But we can’t lay all these findings at COVID’s feet. They were collected in the fall of 2021 when we had vaccines, and most schools, coffee shops, sporting events, movie theaters, and other teen hangouts were back in business.
Plus, don’t we all have a sense this has been building for a while? Haven’t we all seen our girls dim in the glow of social media, become nervous and self-critical, afraid to disconnect but struggling to make any meaningful connections at all? Does it even really matter why they’re feeling the way they do? More than half of them are feeling sad and even hopeless. We need to do something.
The report addressed teens, but my concern isn’t limited to high school girls. I find it difficult to believe happy, healthy 8th graders step off a cliff in September of 9th grade. I’m equally skeptical that they leave all these woes behind when they arrive on a college campus.
The CDC is calling on schools to step into the breach, which makes sense theoretically. But it seems that many schools are already stretched to the breaking point, chronically underfunded, hemorrhaging staff, their boards mired in conflict. Plus, I’m not willing to wait for schools to find the will, money, programs, and teachers to help our kids feel better.
Fortunately, neither is Laurie Santos. Dr. Santos is a cognitive scientist and Professor of Psychology at Yale University. She is particularly fond of happiness, and she is exceptionally knowledgeable about how to cultivate it. It turns out she’s also a pretty damn generous person.
In 2018, confronted by the depression, anxiety, and stress her students battled, Santos decided to offer a class on happiness, focusing on questions like “what does science show really makes us happy?” and “what can we do to achieve the good life?” She called it “Psychology and the Good Life” and expected the typical thirty or so students to enroll. She was wrong.
On the first day of class, a thousand students — almost a quarter of Yale’s entire student body — showed up.
The fact that one in four students at one of the most prestigious schools in the country made space in their busy schedules to learn how to be happier says something significant. It says kids are hurting, and they want to learn how to feel better. It also tells us how great the need is and continues to be. Dr. Santos’s class is the most popular in the history of Yale.
To help more people claim it, Yale has made it available as a free online class entitled “The Science of Well-Being.”
When the pandemic hit, and Santos saw how many teens across the country were suffering, she decided to revamp the course specifically for them. She brought a cohort of masked, socially distanced high schoolers into one of Yale’s beautiful halls to learn “The Science of Well-Being for Teens.” She filmed it and made it available online for free in an incredibly timely and much-needed gift to the world. In my humble opinion, every human on the planet should take it.
Let me be crystal clear: this is an academic course. It is not therapy. If your child is struggling with anxiety or depression, or any other mental health concern, you need the support and guidance of a medical or psychological professional.
That said, Santos offers such straight-forward and easily understood insights into what true happiness looks like, how our brains can mislead us about what will make us happy in the future, and what specific, concrete steps we can take to increase our happiness quotient I can’t imagine anyone who wouldn’t benefit from taking this course.
The class is intended to be taken over six weeks, one module per week. Each module consists of approximately thirty minutes of video broken into small clips, quizzes, key terms, and, most importantly, homework or “rewirements.” As Santos repeatedly explains, she can share all the happiness knowledge in the world, but without practice, she won’t enjoy the life you want.
The course opens with a survey to measure the viewer’s current well-being. Over the following six weeks, Santos teaches the science of happiness, what science tells us about how to be “happy in your life and with your life.”
She begins by explaining how our minds can trick us into doing things to sabotage our happiness. How we are so quickly sucked into activities that don’t make us happy (mindlessly scrolling through social media causes a dip in the mood) and carry a huge opportunity cost (the lost time we could have spent improving our mood).
We’re naturally inclined to compare ourselves to others, but our reference points have painfully skewed since the 1950s — with movies, TV, and social media. We all have a finite amount of attention to give to the world, but now so much of that precious attention is being hijacked against our will by pings and rings, bright colors, and clickbait.
Then she shifts her focus to what we can do about these problems. She introduces concepts from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), considered by many to be today’s gold standard of psychotherapy, to help us change our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
Each module ends with a few “Psychprotips,” which Santos cheers — literally — as the actual takeaways from the class. They’re practical and specific. For example, active social media use is not associated with reduced mood, so if you’re going on social media, being an active participant can make you happier. Our brains may be prewired to compare, but we have control over our reference points; unfollowing influencers who make us feel inadequate and replacing them with a more diverse set of people who inspire us or share our values will lift us.
Self-care isn’t as important as you think; doing acts of kindness for others makes us happier and happier for longer. And regularly engaging with a like-minded or faith-based community matters much more than you think.
There are so many gems in this class I can’t possibly list them all here. And I wouldn’t want to. They’re intended to be explored, practiced, and developed slowly, one at a time. They will be taken from the classroom into the streets, hallways, and hangouts.
The course ends with another survey to measure the viewer’s well-being. An intervention study by Santos and four colleagues shows that people who took the course improved their happiness by about one point on a 10-point standard happiness scale. That’s a significant improvement. And it has no side effects or copays.
If you’re a teen’s parent, seriously encourage your teen to take this course. They don’t have to be in the grip of a mental health crisis to benefit. It’s better if they’re not. One of the great things Santos does is normalize feeling bad. Everyone feels down sometimes. We all go through periods of self-doubt and difficulty focusing, and feeling left out. Knowing that we all share these experiences helps us feel less alone and more empowered at any age.
I’d encourage you to take the class with your teen if possible. It will help you get a read on where they’re really at emotionally and could open a rich vein of conversation between the two of you about feelings and habits, and agency. Plus, much as we’d like to deny it, we don’t always know what our kids are thinking or feeling, and you might learn that your child is worried or sad about something they haven’t shared.
As to my teen, my son was forced to leave the school that was making him miserable, and he’s now living, working, and sleeping soundly in New York. All my kids walk authentically in the world, pursuing their dreams and directions and putting other people’s opinions and perspectives in place. And my daughter, the one I had to coax smiles from all that dark time ago, her laughter is more frequent than ever. And a joy to hear.
Coursera The Science of Well-Being for Teens
CDC 2011-2021 Youth Risk Behavior Survey
CDC Press Release re YRBS
CDC Media Fact Sheet: Concerning Increases in Sadness and Exposure to Violence Among Teen Girls
More Great Reading:
New Study Says Social Media Use Does Not Raise Teen’s Risk of Depression
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